黄元春,张传超,任贤魏,刘宇,陈斯卓,王艳玲.微量Er在高强Al-Zn-Mg-Cu合金中的存在形式及其“遗传效应”[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2019,48(9):2848~2856.[Yuanchun Huang,Chuanchao Zhang,Xianwei Ren,Yu Liu,Sizhuo Chen,Yanling Wang.The existence form of trace Er in Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy and its "Genetic Effect"[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2019,48(9):2848~2856.]
微量Er在高强Al-Zn-Mg-Cu合金中的存在形式及其“遗传效应”
投稿时间:2018-05-31??修订日期:2018-07-06
中文关键词:??Al-Zn-Mg-Cu-(Er)合金??Al8Cu4Er相??显微组织??力学性能
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划资助项目(2012CB619504)
中文摘要:
??????采用铁模铸造制备Al-Zn-Mg-Cu及Al-Zn-Mg-Cu-0.15% Er两种合金铸锭。利用光学显微镜(OM)、扫描电镜(SEM)及能谱分析(EDS)、差热分析(DSC)、透射电镜(TEM)、X射线衍射分析(XRD)和常温拉伸等方法研究了Er元素在Al-Zn-Mg-Cu合金铸态组织、均匀化态组织、变形组织以及时效态组织中的存在形式、作用机理以及其对合金室温拉伸性能的影响。研究结果表明: 微量Er元素对Al-Zn-Mg-Cu合金铸态组织有一定细化作用,但这种作用较为有限。Er在合金中主要以三元Al8Cu4Er相的形式存在,该相在合金凝固过程中形成并偏聚在晶界附近,常出现在共晶网状结构之间。此外,还有少量的Er生成了细小Al3Er粒子。Al8Cu4Er相熔点约为573.8°C,为难溶硬脆第二相,在合金变形过程中易破碎从而会导致裂纹萌生或成为粒子诱发再结晶形核的核心,最终会对合金的综合力学性能产生不利的影响。
The existence form of trace Er in Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy and its "Genetic Effect"
英文关键词:Al-Zn-Mg-Cu-(Er) alloy??microstructure??mechanical properties??Al8Cu4Er phase
英文摘要:
??????Two kinds of alloys Al-Zn-Mg-Cu and Al-Zn-Mg-Cu-0.15% Er were prepared by steel mould casting. The existence and form of the Er in the as-cast, homogenized, deformed and aged microstructures of the Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy were investigated by optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), transmission electron microscopy(TEM), X-ray diffractometry (XRD). In addition, its effect on the tensile properties of the alloy at room temperature has also been discussed in detail. The results show that trace element Er can refine the as-cast microstructure of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy to a certain extent, but this refinement is limited. Er exists in the alloy mainly in the form of a ternary Al8Cu4Er phase, which forms during the solidification and segregates at the grain boundaries, and often occurs between eutectic networks. Al8Cu4Er has a high melting point and poor plasticity and is therefore easily crushed during the thermal deformation of the alloy. Al8Cu4Er fragments may cause cracks and may also induce recrystallization nucleation, which will eventually have an adverse effect on the comprehensive properties of the alloy.
作者单位E-mail
黄元春?中南大学轻合金亚洲AG手机|开户?science@csu.edu.cn?
张传超?中南大学轻合金亚洲AG手机|开户?zhangchuanchao@csu.edu.cn?
任贤魏?中南大学轻合金亚洲AG手机|开户??
刘宇?中南大学轻合金亚洲AG手机|开户??
陈斯卓?中南大学轻合金亚洲AG手机|开户??
王艳玲?中南大学轻合金亚洲AG手机|开户??
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